Cardiology is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and disorders related to the heart and blood vessels. It is a branch of internal medicine that deals with the study of the cardiovascular system, including the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries.
Cardiologists are medical professionals who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases and related conditions. They use a variety of diagnostic tests and procedures, such as electrocardiograms, echocardiograms, stress tests, and cardiac catheterization, to assess the health of the heart and blood vessels.
Common heart conditions that cardiologists diagnose and treat include coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, and valve disorders. They also work with patients who have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and other risk factors for heart disease.
Cardiologists play an important role in the management of heart disease, helping patients to manage their condition through medication, lifestyle changes, and, in some cases, surgery. They also provide guidance on how to reduce the risk of developing heart disease by promoting healthy habits such as regular exercise, a healthy diet, and smoking cessation.
Diseases and Treatments that Concerns the Department of Cardiology:
- Acute coronary syndrome
- Aortic diseases (aneurysm, aortic dissection, Aortic valve stenosis, Aortic valve insufficiency)
- Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
- Atrial fibrillation
- Atrioventricular blocks, atrio-ventricular node disease
- Leg vascular diseases
- Dilated cardiomyopathy
- Chest pains
- Sick sinus syndrome (sinus node disease)
- Heart conduction system diseases
- Heart valve diseases
- Heart attack
- Heart failure
- Carotid (carotid artery) disease